Pulsed Laser Ablation (PLA) method
The emerging nanoscience results in the production of nanoparticles having the potential to be used in a number of different applications including medical, biological, electronic, and industrial fields. Nanometer scale provides materials unique physicochemical properties that are completely different than their bulk counterparts. Most NP synthesis techniques, such as physical vapor deposition, precipitation, solvothermal/hydrothermal methods, and sol–gel methods (e.g., sol–gel combustion), are expensive and complex and offer only limited control over particle size and size uniformity. One of the top-down nanoparticle production methods, pulsed-laser ablation (PLA) of solids in solution offers a prominent way for the nanoparticle production due to its versatility and low cost. Moreover, synthesis of NPs by laser ablation shown the potential feasibility of laser ablation for large-scale synthesis applications.